in Excretory Orifice
Hemroids are enlarged veins in the Excretory Orifice or lower rectum. They often go unnoticed and usually clear up after a few days, but can cause long-lasting discomfort, bleeding and be excruciatingly painful. Effective medical treatments are available, however.
Hemroids (also called piles) can be divided into two kinds, internal and external. Internal hemroids lie inside the Excretory Orifice or lower rectum, beneath the Excretory Orifice or rectal lining. External hemroids lie outside the Excretory Orifice opening. Both kinds can be present at the same time.
Hemroids are a very common medical complaint. More than 75% of Americans have hemroids at some point in their lives, typically after age 30. Pregnant women often develop hemroids, but the condition usually clears up after childbirth. Men are more likely than women to suffer from hemroids that require professional medical treatment.
Causes and symptoms
Precisely why hemroids develop is unknown. Researchers have identified a number of reasons to explain hemroidsal swelling, including the simple fact that people's upright posture places a lot of pressure on the Excretory Orifice and rectal veins. Aging, obesity, pregnancy, chronic constipation or diarrhea, excessive use of enemas or laxatives, straining during bowel movements, and spending too much time on the toilet are considered contributing factors. Heredity may also play a part in some cases. There is no reason to believe that hemroids are caused by jobs requiring, for instance, heavy lifting or long hours of sitting, although activities of that kind may make existing hemroids worse.
The commonest symptom of internal hemroids is bright red blood in the toilet bowl or on one's feces or toilet paper. When hemroids remain inside the Excretory Orifice they are almost never painful, but they can prolapse (protrude outside the Excretory Orifice) and become irritated and sore. Sometimes, prolapsed hemroids move back into the Excretory Orifice canal on their own or can be pushed back in, but at
Clinical photo of a thrombosed external hemroids. (Custom Medical Stock Photo. Reproduced by permission.) other times they remain permanently outside the Excretory Orifice until treated by a doctor.
Small external hemroids usually do not produce symptoms. Larger ones, however, can be painful and interfere with cleaning the Excretory Orifice area after a bowel movement. When, as sometimes happens, a blood clot forms in an external hemroids (creating what is called a thrombosed hemroids), the skin around the Excretory Orifice becomes inflamed and a very painful lump develops. On rare occasions the clot will begin to bleed after a few days and leave blood on the underwear. A thrombosed hemroids will not cause an embolism.